CHARAK SAMHITA – परिचय

Charak Samhita is one of the Akara Grantha among Brihat Trayee

  • Updeshta (Expounder) – Punarvashu Atreya (1000 Yr BC)
  • Tantrakarta (Author) – Agnivesha (1000 Yr BC)
  • Pratisanskarta (Redactor) – Charak (200 Yr BC)
  • Sampurak karta (Supplimentator) – Dridhabala (4th cent. AD)
  • Time period – Upnishad kaal
  • Charak Samhita is written in the form of 4 types of Sutra :-
  1. Guru Sutra
  2. Shisya Sutra
  3. Pratisanskarta Sutra
  4. Ekiya Sutra
  • 3 persons named as ATREYA came in context in Charak Samhita :-
  1. Punarvashu Atreya – Also named as Chandrabhagi , In the Charak Sutra sthana Chapter 13 – Snehaadhyay.

2. Krishna Atreya – The name of Krishna Atreya came in the Charak Sutra sthana Chapter 11, i.e. Trieshniya Adhyaya

3. Bhikshu Atreya – Bhikshu Atreya , in the chapter 25 of charak Sutra sthana – Yajjapurushiya adhyay , stated the Kaalwad i.e. kaal is responsible for the origin of the disease.

  • Total number of sutra in Charak Samhita :- 9295
  • Total number of Yoga in Charak Samhita :- 1949
  • Total number of shloka in Charak Samhita :- 12000 ( available = 9498)
  • Total number of desha explained :- 14
  • Total number of chapter completed by Dridhabala :- 41 chapter ( kalpa sthana 12+ Siddhi Sthana 12 + Chikitsa Sthana 17 = 41)
  • Chapters of Chikitsa sthana explained by Acharya Charak
  1. Rasayan Adhyaya
  2. Vajikaran
  3. Jwar Chikitsa
  4. Rakta pitta Chikitsa
  5. Gulma Chikitsa
  6. Prameha Chikitsa
  7. Kustha Chikitsa
  8. Rajyakshma Chikitsa
  9. Arsha Chikitsa (chap – 14)
  10. Atisar Chikitsa (chap – 19)
  11. Visarpa Chikitsa ( chap – 21)
  12. Madatyay Chikitsa (chap – 24)
  13. Dwivraniya Chikitsa (chap-25)
  • Sthana of Charak Samhita :-
Sl. No.SthanaNo. of ChaptersNo. of Sutra
1. Sutra301952
2.Nidan8247
3.Viman8354
4.Sharir8382
5.Indriya12375
6.Chikitsa304904
7.Kalpa12378
8.Siddhi12700
Total1209295
  • Commentator of Charak Samhita :-

Total No. of Commentary = 41

Speciality of Charak Samhita :-

  • Charak Samhita is best among all samhita for Kayachikitsa.
  • Upnishad Gadya Pada Shaili.
  • Tri Skandha Ayurveda
  • Tri Dosha Siddhanta
  • Definition of Ayurveda
  • Chatuspaad Siddhanta
  • Panchmahabhuta Siddhanta
  • Sambhasa Parishad/ Rishiparishad
  • Shastra Avataran

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